Background

Common treatment for acute pain management include paracetamol, NSAIDs and weak opioids for mild to moderate pain, and strong opioids for severe pain. Slow onset of action of oral analgesics. Opioids require monitoring for potential side-effects. Standard analgesic treatment (SAT) for moderate to severe pain is IV paracetamol or IV ketoprofen for moderate pain and IV morphine for severe pain.